Treatment of Bruises

A bruise is that violet patch of skin that appeared when you banged yourself with high pressure against a hard object. Medically known as contusion, it is caused by rupturing of the blood vessels underneath the skin, leaking of blood from these blood vessels into the tissues and body’s reaction to all this activity. Bruises can be really painful and they do not make a pleasant sight.

What Shapes a Bruise?

There are various factors that affect the size and shape of a bruise. Some of these are

  • Tissue Type: Soft tissues bruise easily as compared to firmer ones.
  • Age: Elderly people have thinner tissues and therefore bruise easily.
  • Gender: Females tend to bruise easily due to higher subcutaneous fat.
  • Skin complexion: Bruise looks more prominent in lighter complexioned people.
  • Ailments: Deficiencies in coagulation, platelet and blood vessels lead to increased bruising.
  • Location : Body areas with higher blood vessels density bruise easily.
  • Impact of Injury: Higher the pressure of injury, larger the bruise.
  • Genetics: Some people are genetically prone to bruising.
bruises take time to heal but you can do something to ease the pain

How Do You Heal a Bruise?

Here are few tips that may be used to treat that bruise and help it heal faster.

  • Cold Compress – You can use commercial ice packs or ice cubes wrapped in a plastic bag and towel. The cold decreases the blood flow to the area and reduces bleeding into the tissues. This limits the size of the bruise as well as reduces inflammation hence preventing excessive swelling.
  • Elevate the area above heart – This is done because the lower the level of the extremity to the heart, more bleeding will occur.
  • Pain Killer – If there is lot of pain, one can take acetaminophen (Tylenol). Do not take aspirin or ibuprofen which thins the blood and increases bleeding.
  • Caution – In case there is excessive pain and swelling, please visit a doctor. Also if the injured person is on blood thinning medication do visit a doctor immediately.
  • Get Rest – Injured person should get adequate rest and avoid any re-injury for rapid recovery.
  • Topical Cream – A medicated cream containing mucopolysaccharide polysulfuric acid can be applied.
  • Apply Heat – After one or two days the affected area should be gently massaged and mild heat can be applied to encourage blood flow and alleviate pain.

Natural and Home Bruise Remedies

Apart from the above mentioned treatment of bruises, there are several natural and home remedies which can be used for quick healing of a bruise.

  • Apply a bandage soaked in comfrey tea.
  • Every 3-4 hours marigold cream can be applied.
  • You can even make a natural bandage using cabbage leaves.
  • Repeatedly apply a towel smeared with apple cider vinegar mixed with water.
  • Rub few drops of Arnica gel or tincture.
  • If you bruise easily, you can take antioxidants supplements daily such as Vitamin C or bilberry extracts. These strengthen the capillaries preventing them to rupture easily and causing bruises.
  • You can even take 200-400 mg of Bromelain, an enzyme that aids speedy recovery process.

Though you can take one or combination of these simple lines of treatments, you need to have patience. Bruises take time to heal. Depending on the size of bruise and intensity of injury, it might take 7-10 days for the bruise to heal completely.

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